How Much Does A Gravel Driveway Or Road Cost?
$1 – $3 Per Square Foot
$600 – $1,800 24×24 (2-car) Driveway
$1,200 – $3,600 12×100 Road
$600 – $1,800 24×24 (2-car) Driveway
$1,200 – $3,600 12×100 Road
A compacted gravel driveway 8" to 12" thick costs $1 to $3 per square foot to install. A 24×24 (2-car) gravel driveway costs $600 to $1,800. A 12×100 gravel road costs $1,200 to $3,600 or $4 to $12 per linear foot. DIY driveway gravel prices are $0.50 to $1.50 per square foot or $10 to $50 per ton. Get free estimates from gravel driveway contractors near you or view our cost guide below.
Gravel Driveway Cost
A gravel driveway costs $1 to $3 per square foot to install. A 12×25 (1-car) gravel driveway costs $300 to $900, and a 24×24 (2-car) driveway is $600 to $1,800. Costs depend on the size and depth, gravel type, soil conditions, labor, excavation, grading, permits, and optional grid stabilization.
|Type||Size (W×L)||Average Cost|
|1-Car Gravel Driveway||12×25||$300 – $900|
|2-Car Gravel Driveway||24×24||$600 – $1,800|
|3-Car Gravel Driveway||30x24||$720 – $2,200|
|Gravel Driveway Grid||24×24||$1,700 – $4,000|
|Resin-Bound Driveway||24×24||$4,000 – $6,300|
|Tar And Chip Driveway||24×24||$1,200 – $2,900|
|100' Gravel Road||12×100||$540 – $1,000|
|250' Gravel Road||12×250||$1,350 – $2,500|
|500' Gravel Road||12×250||$2,700 – $5,000|
Gravel driveways are a popular paving choice for long driveways because it's cheaper than asphalt and concrete, comes in many colors, eco-friendly, and adds curb appeal. A gravel driveway with a well-built foundation can last for up to 100 years if well-maintained.
|National Average Cost||$1,500|
|Average Range||$600 to $1,800|
Table of Contents
- Per Ton & Yard
- Road Base
- Pea Gravel
- Crushed Stone & Limestone
- Crushed Shell
- Pebble Stone
- Crush & Run
Gravel Driveway Cost Calculator
The primary factors to calculate the cost of a gravel driveway are:
- Site Clearing & Preparation – Tree removal, land clearing, excavation, and grading costs to prepare the base foundation.
- Gravel Needed – Purchasing gravel by calculating layers and depth required based on soil conditions. Costs depend on rock type and gravel delivery fees.
- Labor – Installation and labor costs for spreading and compacting the gravel and creating a drainage system.
Enter the dimensions of your project in our gravel driveway calculator below to find the number of cubic yards required and the estimated total cost.
Gravel Driveway Cost Per Square Foot
The average cost to install a gravel driveway is $1.25 to $3.00 per square foot. Adding a porous paving system, grid, resin-bound, or tar and chip driveway for extra stabilization costs $3 to $12 per square foot to install. DIY gravel driveway materials cost $0.50 to $1.50 per square foot.
|DIY Gravel Driveway||$0.50 – $1.50|
|Average Gravel Driveway||$1.25 – $3.00|
|Stabilized Gravel Driveway||$3.00 – $12.00|
Cost To Build A Gravel Road
The average cost to build a gravel road is $4 to $12 per linear foot depending on the road width and depth, soil conditions, labor rates, and choice of materials. Building a long private gravel road leading up to your property costs $21,000 to $65,000 per mile.
|Width||Cost Per Linear Foot||Cost Per Mile|
|9 Feet||$4.05 – $7.47||$21,400 – $39,400|
|12 Feet||$5.40 – $9.96||$28,500 – $52,600|
|15 Feet||$6.75 – $12.45||$35,600 – $65,700|
A typical gravel roadway has a depth of 12 inches with three layers of larger stones and gravel spread on top. For properties with a strong clay or stone foundation, you may only need base grading and about 3 to 4 inches of gravel to create a stable road and cut your costs in half.
Your city or county may require a permit to construct a gravel or dirt road, which starts at $500 depending on the size of the project.
Cost For Gravel Parking Lot or Pad
The cost for a gravel parking lot or pad costs $3 to $5 per square foot or about the same as constructing a new gravel driveway. A 10×20 gravel parking pad costs $600 to $1,000 to build depending on soil conditions, labor, and type of rock.
Every parking area has to support the weight of vehicles and requires a proper sub-base, materials, depth, layers, compacting, and leveling.
Commercial & Farm Roads
According to the Department of Agriculture, farm roads should be at least 9 to 12 feet wide, have raised surfaces — or crowns — in the center for drainage, and need a 6-inch minimum sub-base foundation of crushed stone for long-lasting stability.
It’s reasonable to estimate that it can take 20 hours of work for construction workers to build each mile of gravel road for an average cost of $21,000 to $53,000 per mile. Overall, prices depend on the size of the project, location, and terrain conditions.
Driveway Gravel Prices
Driveway Gravel Cost Per Ton & Yard
Gravel prices for a driveway range from $10 to $50 per ton or $15 to $75 per yard depending on the rock type, volume ordered, and delivery fees. When including delivery, spreading, and compacting, driveway stone and rock costs $100 to $120 per ton installed.
|Rock Type||Per Foot||Per Ton||Per Yard|
|Pea Gravel||$1.00 – $3.19||$28 – $45||$29 – $86|
|White Gravel||$2.77 – $4.80||$52 – $184||$75 – $129|
|Black Gravel / Lava Rock||$3.55 – $10.56||$76 – $85||$96 – $140|
|Crushed Limestone||$1.48 – $2.00||$30 – $38||$35 – $54|
|Crusher Run Gravel||$0.50 – $2.00||$24 – $34||$51 – $54|
|Sand & Gravel (Class 5)||$0.50 – $1.50||$11 – $19||$15 – $25|
|Road Base Gravel||$1.00 – $1.50||$18 – $30||$25 – $33|
|Crushed Concrete||$0.59 – $2.79||$11 – $53||$16 – $75|
|SB2 Sub-base Gravel||$1.41 – $2.30||$27 – $31||$38 – $62|
|Crushed & Recycled Asphalt||$0.52 – $1.85||$10 – $27||$25 – $50|
|Aggregate & Drainage Rock||$1.00 – $3.00||$25 – $50||$30 – $70|
|Stone Dust or Screenings||$1.00 – $5.00||$30 – $145||$10 – $25|
|Caliche or Arizona Gravel||$1.17 – $6.62||$45 – $253||$31 – $178|
|Crushed or Decomposed Granite||$1.00 – $3.00||$25 – $50||$38 – $75|
|Crushed Marble||$0.80 – $1.50||$27 – $64||$35 – $80|
|Quartz Gravel||$3.00 – $10.00||$69 – $95||$100 – $150|
|Steel Slag Rock Gravel||$1.33 – $2.00||$25 – $39||$35 – $54|
|Blue Stone Gravel||$2.74 – $5.74||$52 – $109||$74 – $155|
|River Rock||$1.74 – $2.59||$33 – $49||$47 – $70|
|Crushed Shells Gravel||$0.53 – $4.44||$10 – $86||$14 – $120|
|Pebble Mix||$1.25 – $2.00||$80 – $100||$60 – $90|
|Shale||$1.00 – $3.00||$20 – $60||$28 – $85|
|Slate Chips||$0.61 – $1.26||$27 – $64||$35 – $80|
White or Black Gravel Driveway
A white gravel driveway costs $2.77 to $4.80 per square foot, $30 to $120 per cubic yard, or $20 to $100 per ton for less-expensive white stones up to 1". A white rock driveway is available in crushed granite, white quartz blends, limestone, and sometimes pea gravel. White gravel shimmers in the light, and can cause a glare on sunny days.
Black gravel driveway rocks from 0.50" to 1" in size cost $3 to $10 per square foot, $96 to $140 per cubic yard, or $76 to $85 per ton. Black lava rocks are the most common and affordable, while true-black granite chips are rare.
Other black stones include basalt-pebble stones, recycled crushed asphalt, and charcoal-black basalt clippings from volcanic rock. Black gravel heats up more than other rocks in the summer, so it's not ideal for walking paths or patio areas.
Road Base Driveway Cost
Using road base as a base material in a gravel driveway costs $0.59 to $1.50 per square foot, $18 to $31 per ton, or $25 to $62 per cubic yard. Road rock, also known as caliche, is crushed limestone that installs over a geotextile fabric providing a stable foundation. Adding a road base geogrid offers extra stability for gravel driveways and roads.
Pea Gravel Driveway
The average pea gravel driveway cost for materials is $28 to $45 per ton, $29 to $86 per cubic yard, or $1 to $3 per cubic foot depending on the quantity you order. Most pea gravel driveway mixtures have a blend of stones in about three or four colors.
Pea gravel doesn't have sharply angled edges and slides around. Edging or pavers are required on the sides of the driveway to keep the pea gravel contained. Avoid using pea gravel for the top driveway layer if your land is on an incline.
Crushed Stone & Limestone Driveway Cost
A crushed limestone driveway costs $1.50 to $2 per cubic foot, $40 to $54 per cubic yard, or $30 to $38 per ton for up to 1" stones. Crushed stone gravel can come in any color, though most popular crushed stone blends are in neutral, earth-toned colors.
Crushed Shell Driveway Cost
A crushed shell driveway costs $0.50 to $4 per square foot, $14 to $120 per cubic yard, or $10 to $86 per ton. The lowest prices are available in areas close to the coastline like Florida, Georgia, and Alabama. Each cubic yard of crushed shells covers 100 square feet when used as a 3" surface layer over a compacted base-layer.
Seashells like clams, oysters, and scallops provide a good surface layer because they aren't prone to forming ruts or potholes. Shells break down and compact evenly to create a stable and level surface. Avoid using crushed shells on an inclined driveway because it's likely to collect at the bottom over time.
Caliche Driveway & Road
A caliche driveway is $1.17 to $6.62 per cubic foot, which is $31 to $178 per cubic yard, or $48 to $253 per ton. The cheapest caliche is available near the deserts it comes from in the Southwestern United States.
A caliche driveway is as durable as limestone cement due to similar calcium carbonate composition, calcite minerals, along with fossilized sand and clay. Due to its extreme hardness and heaviness, caliche makes a long-lasting driveway foundation.
Pebble Stone Driveway Cost
Using pebble stones as the surface layer of your driveway costs $1.25 to $2 per square foot or between $60 and $90 per ton. Pebble driveways promote drainage and won't become slippery when wet. Avoid using pebbles on driveways with a steep grade.
Crush & Run Driveway
Crush and run driveway costs are $1 to $2 per cubic foot, $51 to $54 per cubic yard, and $24 per ton or more when ordering less than 10 tons. For the top layer only, crusher run stone is 0.75" rock with particles, like quarry process or #411 gravel. Crusher Run gravel goes by several names, including quarry process or "QP," dense-grade aggregate or "DGA," and road stone.
Crusher run is used as the surface layer of driveways because the dust settles in between the gravel and binds it together. By adding water on top and compacting it, the stone dust quickly settles and hardens to create a cement-like, mostly solid, and smooth driveway surface.
Blue Stone Driveway
A blue stone driveway costs about $2 to $5 per cubic foot, which is around $74 to $155 per cubic yard, or $50 to $100 per ton depending on whether it picked-up or delivered.
A bluestone driveway is not as durable or heavy as granite, but its strength makes it excellent driveway material. The light-colored sandstone variety of bluestone helps retain moisture to keep your driveway cooler in the summertime as well.
Shale Driveway Cost
Crushed shale driveways cost $28 to $85 per cubic yard, depending on the size of the rocks. It’s $1 to $3.15 per cubic foot, which is $19.72 to $60 per ton. If you want a stone that looks similar but is more durable, consider getting slate chips instead.
Steel Slag Rock Driveway
A steel slag driveway costs $1.33 to $2 per square foot, which is $35 to $54 per cubic yard or $25 to $39 per ton. Steel slag rock for driveways is often 1" to 1.25" long, though quarry process steel slag of 0.50" to dust is the cheapest. Steel slag is a byproduct of steel production and is an excellent alternative and more durable than natural crushed limestone.
River Rock Driveway
A river rock driveway costs $1.74 to $2.59 per cubic foot, which is $47 to $70 per cubic yard, or $33 to $49 per ton. Most river rock comes in sizes from 1 to 3 inches.
River rock requires edging or another binder to hold the stones in place. For this reason, you often find driveways with river rock set into cement as the top layer, or river rock packed in between large paver stones.
Learn more about the costs of river rock.
SB2 Gravel Driveway
SB2 gravel driveway prices for rocks up to 4 inches in size are around $1.41 to $2.30 per cubic foot, $38 to $62 per cubic yard and $27 to $31 per ton. Sub-base grey granite is also called #3 stone.
Cost Factors To Install Gravel Driveway
When estimating the cost to install a gravel driveway, consider these cost factors:
- The type of stones, their sizes, and volume purchased.
- The length, width, and depth of the driveway.
- The soil's composition. Most subsoils need a geotextile fabric laid under the foundation and other prep work.
- Edging materials to contain the gravel.
- Preparing the land by excavating and grading.
- Permit costs depending on where you live.
- Additional costs for porous paving systems, such as a geogrid, resin-bound, or tar and chip driveway.
Driveway Gravel Sizes
Driveway gravel sizes range from 0.1"-10" in diameter, and the bigger sizes cost more. To make the most-durable gravel driveway, install a 6" to 8" layer of large crushed stones as a sub-base. Then place smaller rocks in 4" layers on top of the sub-base, setting each layer with a roller compactor.
For a 1-car driveway, aim for a minimum size of 10' wide by 20' long. Most 2-car driveways should be anywhere from 20' to 24' wide. Other turn-around areas of your driveway should be at least 10' by 20'.
You’ll need to have a complete cleared piece of land to build a driveway or road, which means removing existing structures, trees, stumps, bushes, or boulders.
- Concrete Removal – Removing an existing concrete driveway costs $2 to $6 per square foot.
- Tree Removal – Tree removal costs $250 for trees up to 30' tall, $300 to $700 for trees between 30 and 60 feet, and from $700 to $1,800 to cut down large trees over 60 feet.
- Stump Removal – Tree stump removal costs $2 to $4 per inch of diameter or around $60 to $360 per stump depending on the size.
- Land Clearing – Land clearing costs to build a long road or driveway are $400 per hour, or between $500 and $3,000 per acre depending on if it's a heavily wooded area.
Cost To Excavate & Grade A Gravel Driveway
Excavating and digging out land for a gravel driveway costs $1 to $2 per square foot depending on the job size and terrain conditions. The cost to grade a gravel driveway is $4 to $8 per square foot. An average driveway costs around $700 to $2,500 to excavate and grade.
Some companies may include light excavating and grading work for a lower cost when it’s part of an all-inclusive driveway construction job. Minor fees may apply to haul the excavated dirt away or to move it to your garden.
How Deep Should A Gravel Driveway Be?
A long-lasting gravel driveway should be a minimum 8" to 12" deep and made up of three 4" thick layers. Layer the gravel with 4" of fist-size gravel at the sub-base, 4" of golf-ball-size gravel for the middle layer, and a 4" deep surface layer of 0.75" gravel.
Your sub-base layer should be 8" deep to support heavy trucks regularly. If your gravel driveway isn't thick enough, it often won't last for more than a year or two. Your foundation depth and the type of stones you should use depend on your soil composition.
How Much Gravel Do I Need For My Driveway?
One yard of gravel covers approximately 27 square feet to a depth of 12". A 12' x 25' one-car driveway needs 11.1 cubic yards of gravel, and a 24' x 24' double-car driveway needs 21.3 cubic yards of gravel. Adding a 12' x 100' gravel road requires 29.6 cubic yards of gravel at 8" thick.
|Project||Cubic Yards||Gravel Cost|
|1-car Gravel Driveway (12×25)||11.1||$250 – $700|
|2-car Gravel Driveway (24×24)||21.3||$500 – $1,300|
|Gravel Road (12×100)||29.6||$600 – $1,200|
This table assumes several layers of different-sized rocks at a total of 12-inches thick. The actual depth required depends on your soil composition.
Multiply the length (in feet), times the width, times the depth, to calculate cubic feet. Then, divide that number by 27 to calculate cubic yards. There are approximately 1.4 tons of stone per cubic yard.
Length × Width × Depth = Cubic Feet
Cubic Feet ÷ 27 = Cubic Yards
Cubic Yards × 1.4 = Tons
Driveway Gravel Delivery
Driveway gravel delivery costs $7 to $18 per cubic yard on top of the price of gravel. Most quarries and landscape suppliers will not deliver less than 10 cubic yards of gravel. Order at least 15 yards to get the cheapest delivery rates. Delivery doesn't include spreading or installation.
Be sure your gravel foundation is in place before receiving your delivery. Ask the delivery driver to uniformly dump out the gravel when covering a larger area. To save money, rent a pick-up truck for $75 per day and pick up the gravel yourself.
Spreading Gravel on Driveway
The cost of spreading gravel on a driveway is $10 to $25 per cubic yard, or $46 per hour per worker, though this cost may be included with gravel delivery charges. After spreading, each layer of gravel needs to be compacted together to increase stability, and to prevent ruts and sinking.
Prevent your gravel driveway from washing away or filling with puddles when it rains by setting up proper drainage systems to maintain its structural integrity. For best results, use foundation crowns, drains, and pavers when building your driveway.
- Crowns – Your driveway should crown at the center so that it gradually forms a 0.25" to 0.50" slope on either side. The surface of the sub-grade foundation should be highest near your home or garage and in the middle. This directs water off the driveway and prevents puddles from forming.
- Drains & Ditches – Dig trenches or side drains 18" deep leading away with a slight slope next to your driveway. Install plastic piping with holes or readymade trench drains; place over a 4" layer of compacted gravel or a layer of concrete for extra support. Cover the pipes with 6" of gravel; then add dirt on top. This directs the water away from your property and prevents erosion.
- Porous Pavers & Grids – In areas with heavy rain, consider installing porous paver stones with gravel in between or a plastic geogrid system filled with gravel to provide extra strength and stabilization. This helps water naturally return to the water table underground.
Do I Need A Permit To Build A Gravel Driveway?
Pulling a permit to build a gravel driveway is likely required and costs $75 to $260 or more depending on the municipality and region of your property. Contact your homeowners' association or local building and safety division before you begin constructing your new gravel driveway.
- A land-disturbance permit may be required for projects over 4,000 ft² or if it's near a designated flood zone.
- A right-of-way permit may be needed if your driveway affects a public sidewalk or street.
- A permit may be required when creating a new access point that joins a private or public road, for additional parking, or driveway expansion.
- A permit for minor modifications and repairs costs $45 to $90.
Stabilized Gravel Driveway Systems
A permeable, resin-bound, tar, or geogrid gravel driveway system costs $2 to $12 per square foot, adds extra stabilization, requires less maintenance, and prevents ruts and holes. A porous paving system ensures a long-lasting gravel driveway, maintains a level-surface, and promotes drainage.
Gravel Driveway Grid Cost
A gravel driveway grid costs $2 to $4 per square foot depending on the type and project size. A 24×24 (2-car) gravel driveway geogrid costs $1,100 to $2,300 to install. Porous paving systems are plastic honeycomb-shaped structures embedded into your foundation, which stabilizes your gravel.
HDPE plastic rings connected by an interlocking geogrid structure allow for a 1" gravel fill and require 0.66 cubic yards of gravel per 100 square feet of grid. For additional stabilization and to allow for the most water runoff possible, install a sub-base foundation of larger crushed stones first.
Core Gravel Driveway Cost
A CORE gravel driveway costs $2 to $3 per square foot depending on the type, and doesn't include the sub-base foundation or gravel. CORE's gravel geogrid system provides path and parking stabilization and is eco-friendly. CORE Glow stones will illuminate your driveway for up to 10 hours at night.
Resin-Bound Driveway Prices
A resin-bonded gravel driveway costs $7 to $12 per square foot on average, depending on if extensive site preparation is required. The top layer of resin-bound driveways are stones covered in a resin adhesive, which creates a stable and permeable driveway that lasts up to 20 years.
Resin-bonded gravel driveways are safer with no loose stones, require little maintenance, reduces flooding, resists cracking, and the surface stays cooler since the soil underneath can breathe.
Tar and Gravel Driveway Cost
A tar and gravel driveway costs $2 to $5 per square foot and offers the best high-traction surface for areas with a lot of rain, ice, or snow. Chip-and-seal driveways have liquid asphalt for the middle layer, which binds the stones into place permanently. The additional stability of tar-and-chip surfaces is worth the extra cost and lasts for up to 10 years.
Cost of Gravel Driveway vs. Asphalt – Which is Cheaper?
Installing a new driveway costs between $1 and $20 per square foot depending on the type. A gravel driveway is the cheapest at $1.25 to $3 per square foot, an asphalt driveway costs $3 to $7 per square foot, and a concrete driveway costs $4 and $8 per square foot.
|Type||Cost Per Square Foot||Durability||Maintenance|
|Gravel||$1.25 – $3||Lasts up to 100 years, gravel moves around||Low maintenance, easy to repair|
|Stabilized Gravel||$2 – $8||Lasts up to 20 years, prevents ruts and holes||Low maintenance, easy to repair|
|Asphalt||$3 – $7||Lasts 12 to 20 years, softens in high temperatures||Low maintenance, easy to repair|
|Concrete||$4 – $8||Lasts up to 30 years, can crack||Hard to repair|
|Pavers||$10 – $30||Lasts 25 to 50 years, can crack or break||Easy to repair and replace|
Gravel Driveway vs. Asphalt Maintenance Costs
- Gravel – Adding surface gravel to patch ruts and potholes costs $4 per bag and covers 2 cubic feet; a new top layer costs $100 to $200. Occasionally regrading the surface to promote drainage costs $1.37 per cubic yard, or less than $50.
- Asphalt – Asphalt driveway sealing costs $50 to $200 and must be applied to the surface every 2 to 5 years. Small cracks are fixable for around $20 with special fillers. Any structural damage may require a complete re-paving.
Gravel Driveway Pros & Cons
- Gravel is the most affordable option for constructing a driveway.
- Well-maintained gravel driveways can last for up to 100 years.
- There's a large variety of gravel sizes and colors to choose from, which can bring out the beauty of your home and add curb appeal.
- Once installed, you can use your gravel driveway immediately. The rocks fully settle into place within a few days.
- Create a perfectly level and paved look without asphalt by laying down a bed of gravel and then setting paving stones into it.
- Construct a more-permeable gravel driveway that improves drainage to reduce flooding. Using ground stabilizers such as EcoGrid or CORE keeps gravel in place and level longer.
- Unlike the splitting and cracking that happens to asphalt under extreme temperature changes, gravel driveways are easier to repair by adding and spreading out more gravel.
- With lots of heavy rain and snow, gravel can sink into the ground, which requires adding more gravel once or twice a year to keep it level.
- Ice and snow removal costs more to remove from a gravel surface. Shoveling will displace the gravel, so you may need to use more salt or sand during winter.
- A heavily used gravel driveway without a solid foundation will develop ruts and holes in the surface, which requires filling in with more gravel.
- In dry climates, driving down a gravel driveway will stir a lot of dust. To keep the dust down, you'll need to spray the road with either oil or water, or purchase road dust control for stabilization.
Gravel Driveway Repair Cost
Gravel driveway repairs cost $0.50 to $2.20 per square foot for re-grading, resurfacing, or regraveling. Small ruts and holes are fixed by adding additional gravel at $2 to $8 per bag, which covers 2 cubic feet or less.
On average, you'll need to add up to 3 inches of new gravel every couple of years. Well-built gravel driveways need light raking and new gravel once or twice a year.
- Deep ruts are a sign your base isn’t strong enough to support the daily traffic. You’ll need to dig up the driveway and add more base rock, most likely at a greater depth.
- Unstable surfaces that remain for hours after a storm indicate that too much water is lodging in the base of the driveway.
Cost To Resurface or Regravel a Gravel Driveway
Gravel driveway resurfacing costs $0.25 to $0.75 per square foot to re-gravel with a 3" layer of pea gravel. A 10×20 single-car gravel driveway with costs $50 to $150 to resurface, while regraveling a 24×24 double-car gravel driveway costs $150 to $450.
Calculate how much gravel you need by multiplying the length times the width of the driveway. Then multiply that by 0.25 to estimate a 3-inch depth to get the amount of cubic feet needed. Divide the cubic feet by 27 to get the amount of cubic yards of gravel you need to purchase.
Cost To Regrade A Gravel Driveway
The average cost to regrade a gravel driveway is $0.50 to $2.20 per square foot, or between $237 and $981 per acre. Prices vary depending on the type of tractor used and whether it’s sub-grade or fine-surface grading work. Surface grading for a gravel road costs $1.50 per square foot.
Best Gravel For Driveways
The best gravel for a driveway base is size #1 or #3, such as limerock or drain rock, at 1.5" to 6" in diameter. Crushed stone #57 is the best material for the middle layer at 0.75" to 1". The best gravel for a driveways surface layer is pea gravel (size #8), limestone (size #10), or crusher run (#411) at 0.10" to 0.50".
Selecting the best gravel material for driveways starts by thinking about the different sizes you’ll need for each of the three layers. Generally, the smallest size is #10, and the biggest is #1. Use the largest stones for your base layers to the smallest stones for your surface layer.
|Type||Cost Per Yard||Size (Diameter)||Use|
|Base Gravel #1
|$82||2.5" – 6"||Extra strong driveway sub-base layer; Landscaping and gardens|
|Base Gravel #3
(Drain Rock, Base Rock)
|$26||1" – 2"||Driveway base layer (at least 4" thick); promotes drainage|
|Crushed Stone #57
|$68||0.75" – 1"||Middle layer or drains; Average grade; Not to use where muddy|
|$40||0.37" – 0.50"||Surface layer; Commonly used in asphalt or concrete mixes|
|$85||0.12"||Surface layer or between pavers; Usually from steel slog or limestone|
|Crushed Stone #411
(Crusher Run, Quarry Process)
|$90||0.75"||Surface layer or repairs; Comes blended with stone dust, or #57.|
(Crushed Concrete, Asphalt or Limestone)
|$31||1.50" or less||Driveway base layer; Contains fine dust and smaller crushed rock particles; $15 per yard for recycled materials|
Cheapest Gravel For Driveways
The cheapest gravel for driveways is crusher run, crushed shells, crushed concrete, slate chips, recycled asphalt, and pea gravel, which all cost $15 to $30 per yard, or less than $1 per square foot when purchased in bulk from a quarry.
|Type||Cost Per Square Foot|
|Crusher Run Gravel||$0.50 – $2.00|
|Crushed Shells||$0.53 – $4.44|
|Crushed Concrete||$0.59 – $2.79|
|Slate Chips||$0.61 – $1.26|
|Recycled Asphalt||$0.92 – $1.85|
|Pea Gravel||$1.00 – $3.19|
Frequently Asked Questions
Where To Buy Gravel For A Driveway?
Gravel for a driveway is available to buy from rock quarries, crushed stone suppliers, landscaping centers and companies, online, or from local home improvement stores. Rock quarries sell the cheapest gravel — order at least 10 yards for free delivery, and at least 20 tons for the cheapest rates.
Rent a truck yourself and pick it up directly from the quarry to get the best deal. Otherwise, it's easier to purchase your gravel directly from a landscaper that will also install the driveway.
Is Gravel Good for Driveways?
Gravel driveways are a very affordable and durable paving alternative, and some kinds like gravel grid driveways rarely require maintenance. It's essential to choose the right type of gravel and start with a sub-base foundation to build a stable and attractive driveway.
DIY Gravel Driveway Vs. Hiring A Pro
DIY gravel driveway costs include earthmoving equipment rentals, gravel and stone materials, and other tool costs. The only expense you save money on is labor costs.
A lasting gravel driveway requires a proper base-rock foundation, a gradually sloped crown surface to promote runoff, ditches or trenches to channel water away without eroding the gravel, and the right type of gravel for your property.
|Mini Excavator||$230 – $380 per day|
|Skid Steer||$195 – $290 per day|
|Truck Rental||$19 – $29 for the first 75 minutes;
$5 for every 15 minutes after
|Plate Compactors / Tamper||$90 per day; $360 per week|
|Tow-behind Rear Blade||$200+|
Start by excavating your topsoil and grading your land. Measure and mark out your driveway using stakes and string. Then, lay down a strong geotextile fabric before your base layer of stones to prevent mud and weeds.
Place the larger gravel at the bottom by using a scraper-blade attachment on a skid-steer loader. Then drive backwards and forwards on top of the rocks for compaction as you add each layer.
& Nylon String
|$10 – $30||To mark out your driveway during construction.|
|Sledge Hammer||$25 – $50||Secure the wooden stakes in place.|
& Erosion-control Mats
|$1.25 – $1.71 per square yard||Line the bottom of your drains and driveway foundation.|
|Perforated Pipe||$1 – $3 per linear foot||For drain trenches on both sides of a driveway.|
|Hand Tampers||$25 – $40||For compacting and leveling gravel layers by hand.|
|Rake||$25 – $50||For spreading out and leveling gravel.|
Even if you plan on doing the work yourself, it’s an excellent investment to have expert advice in-person first, to avoid significant problems later.
Poor construction leads to consistent ruts, holes, and drainage issues. Filling up holes with gravel is a temporary solution. Solving structural problems requires removing all of the gravel, re-grading the foundation, then laying the gravel back using stronger base rock in thicker layers.
Hiring A Professional
In almost every scenario, it’s cheaper to hire a landscaping company to install a new gravel driveway with their professional equipment. To save money, consider purchasing all the gravel materials yourself, and hiring contractors for installation.
When hiring a gravel driveway contractor, be sure to get at least three detailed price quotes, do your research, and ask enough questions to be confident in your hiring decision.
- Ask friends, family, and neighbors for references
- Get at least three price quotes
- Check out their portfolio or past work
- Review licensing, insurance, and qualifications
- Verify reviews on HomeGuide and Google
- Check the Better Business Bureau for their reputation.
- Don't pay cash – Figure out a reasonable payment plan upfront.
- Get a contract in writing
Get free estimates on HomeGuide from trusted gravel companies:
- Pray, Richard. “2019 National Construction Estimator.” 2019. PDF file.
- Atcheson, Dan. “2019 National Earthwork & Heavy Equipment Estimator.” 2019. PDF file.
Gravel Dust Control and Stabilization. (2015). PDF File.
How To: Create a Gravel Driveway. (2018).
What Is The Proper Way To Grade A Driveway? (n.d.).
How to Improve the Drainage of Your Gravel Driveway. (2018).
The 9 Best Types of Gravel for Your Driveway. (2017).
How Much Does It Cost To Remove A Tree? (2019).
How Much Does It Cost To Clear Land? (2019).
Why Should You Consider a Stormwater Friendly Driveway? (n.d.). PDF File.
Crushed Stone Grades: Complete Guide. (2017).
Gravel Prices. (2019).
Whittlesey Landscape Supplies - Price Catalog. (2019).
What Should My Driveway Width Be? (2018).
Pros and Cons of a Gravel Driveway. (2019).
Rock at Lowes.com. (n.d.).
Gravel - Landscape Rocks - Hardscapes - The Home Depot. (n.d.).
Driveway / Sidewalk Permits. (2019).
Doug Clack Trucking Co. Price List. (2019).
Rolfe Corporation Product & Price List. (2019).
Evans Landscaping — Sand & Gravel. (2019).
20+ Gravel Driveway Contractors in Ashburn, VA
Get free estimates on HomeGuide from trusted gravel companies:
Get free estimates